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Acne is the most common skin condition where tiny holes in the skin, known as hair follicles/pores become clogged with sebum and dead skin cells. This can lead to accumulation of bacteria causing inflammation.

Types of Acne






What causes it

What causes Acne?

Excessive Sebum

Acne begins when sebaceous glands in the pores produce too much sebum. When the excessive sebum mixes with dead skin cells, it clogs the pores and forms the non-inflammatory acne(whiteheads, blackheads).

Inflammatory acne(pustules, nodules, cysts) occurs when bacteria begins to grow in the clogged pores. Our body’s immune system will fight the growth of bacteria causing inflammation which is seen as redness, pain, swelling and formation of pus.

Hormonal changes

The sebaceous glands are particularly sensitive to hormones. Testosterone are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum. 

Hormonal changes that cause acne also occur for many women at certain times such as menstruation, pregnancy and gynecological condition, Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS).  

Stress triggers hormonal changes that may worsen acne. This happens when large amounts of cortisol are released into the bloodstream due to stress, alerting the body to produce more sebum from the sebaceous glands.


Foods with high sugar content and dairy products can cause a rise in the insulin level. Insulin contributes to acne development by increasing the size of sebaceous glands and stimulating sebum production.

Treatment of acne mainly targets the excess sebum and clogged pores. The earlier we start treatment, the lower the risk of acne scars.

Dark Eye Circle Treatment

Treatment Options

GEM Signature treatment uses mesotherapy multi-injector to deliver patented doctor formulated Signature solutions into multiple skin layers. This treatment helps to reduce sebum production and therefore prevents acne. On top of that, it has anti-inflammatory properties to prevent acne.

Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) therapy is a type of regenerative collagen induction therapy where we use patient's own blood to promote healing and stimulate natural growth of the skin tissues. It directly targets the sebaceous glands and helps in reducing the sebum production.

GEM Microlaser is the gold standard collagen stimulation laser to reset and renew problematic skin. It is safe and effective in the treatment of acne by shrinking sebaceous glands and minimizing sebum production which prevents future acne lesions. 

Similar Conditions

Acne scars are the result of inflammatory acne. When the acne swells and breaks the follicle wall, skin attempts to repair the damage by forming new collagen fibers. However, the repair is not as smooth which results in acne scars. 

Facial pores are openings in the skin surface that contain sweat and sebaceous glands. When facial pores are clogged with sebum and dirt, it causes the skin to stretch and pores to appear enlarged.

Schedule A Consultation

Being results driven, GEM Clinic provides FREE consultation personally by our doctors to assess client's concerns. Our doctors will determine the best suited treatment to deliver a liberating experience with visible results that is wallet-friendly!