Acne scars are the result of inflammatory acne. When the acne swells and breaks the follicle wall, skin attempts to repair the damage by forming new collagen fibers. However, the repair is not as smooth which results in acne scars.
Types of Acne Scars
What causes it
What causes Acne Scars?
When acne penetrates the skin deeply, they damage the skin and the tissue beneath it. When our skin experiences damage in the tissue wall, it secretes collagen to repair the lesion. However, the collagen build up may not be as smooth as the skin before the lesion(either too much, or too little collagen). The colour, texture, firmness is different, causing the appearance of a scar.
The type of scar depends on how much collagen your body makes:
Hypertrophic or Keloid scars are raised scars due to abnormal excessive wound healing. These scars are bulky, unsightly, itchy and sometimes painful. For hypertrophic scars, the aim of treatment is to flatten and reduce the appearance of acne scars.
Atrophic scars are sunken scars that occur when wound healing is inadequate. For atrophic scars, the aim of treatment is to destroy and replace the existing scar.
Treatment of acne mainly targets the excess sebum and clogged pores. The earlier we start treatment, the lower the risk of acne scars.
Microlaser is the gold standard collagen stimulation laser to reset and renew problematic skin. The laser delivers heat to the skin and stimulates our body’s natural repair process to rebuild lost collagen. This encourages the growth of new skin to replace the acne scars. This entire remodeling process will result in smoother and plumper skin.
Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) therapy is a type of regenerative collagen induction therapy where we use patient's own blood to promote healing and stimulate natural growth of the skin tissues. This treatment aims to restore the deficit in collagen by stimulating collagen production to reduce the appearance of acne scars.
Subcision is a simple surgical procedure for treating atrophic scars. It involves inserting a small needle to break apart the scar tissues that pull down the scar into lower levels in the skin. After releasing the scar, it can return to the surface and lay smooth naturally.
Intralesional injection therapy is a procedure for treatment of hypertrophic scars. It involves the injection of steroid solution directly into the scar. This will help to suppress inflammation and reduce the amount of collagen in the skin to improve the appearance of scar.
Acne is the most common skin condition where tiny holes in the skin, known as hair follicles/pores become clogged with sebum and dead skin cells. This can lead to accumulation of bacteria causing inflammation.
Skin pigmentation disorder affects the color of the skin and is caused by excess melanin production. It can occur in small patches, cover large areas or affect the entire body.
Facial pores are openings in the skin surface that contain sweat and sebaceous glands. When facial pores are clogged with sebum and dirt, it causes the skin to stretch and pores to appear enlarged.
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