Melasma is very common in Asia. It is characterized by symmetrical brown patches on the forehead and cheeks with frequent involvement of the nose bridge, upper lip and chin.
Age of onset is usually the thirties and it is much more common in women than men. Risk factors in acquiring this hard-to-treat disorder are UV exposure, heredity and hormonal changes (pregnancy, OCP and perimenopause).
Before we delve further into Melasma, we need to understand the basic mechanics of pigment formation in our skin. Melanocytes are cells in the skin that produce melanin (pigment).
Melanocytes have arms that transfer melanin from deep to superficial layers of skin. Melanin is found in our eyes, skin and hair.Everyone has the same amount of melanocytes.
But skin colour is determined by the amount and types of melanin produced. Dark-skinned individuals produce more melanin than those with pale skin. Melanocytes produce melanin in response to UV rays to protect the skin.
Accumulation of melanin darkens skin, giving a tan. If UV rays exceed what can be blocked by your melanin level, sunburn results. Therefore, fair-skinned individuals tend to get sunburn easily. When there is excessive melanin being produced or when melanocytes clump up in the skin, Melasma appear.
- Sun exposure
- Birth control pills
- Hormone therapy
Medical Pulsed Light / Q-switched Nd:YAG laser - All laser and light treatments offered at Gem Clinic for pigmentation problems are gentle in nature. Therefore, the downtime is shorter and pain during procedure is minimal.
Depigmenting injection – We only use FDA-approved ingredients for injection
Oral depigmenting therapy – Our oral therapy is unique in the sense that it can be given alone or in combination with other treatment modalities to ensure best response to pigmentation treatment.
Topical skin lighteners – Our Mediglow skincare range has been proven to be effective, even in stubborn pigmentation cases
Topical sun block – We offer sunblocks with minimum SPF30 that offers broad spectrum UV protection. Our sunblocks are non greasy, non comedogenic and gentle on the skin, even for sensitive skin types.