It is a condition where the area below the eyes has a darker hue (bluish-black to black) compared to the rest of the face.
It can be due to a true increase in pigmentation or volume loss causing a sunken appearance. Fondly known as Panda or Racoon Eyes, it is a very common concern among all ages.
Especially among the East Asians, dark eye circles coupled with puffy, single upper eyelids make one look tired and lack confidence.
Such clients usually come seeking help as they have had it with comments from their peers like “you look tired”, “did you sleep late last night?”, “you probably lead an unhealthy lifestyle”, etc.
- Heredity - Dark-eye circles that run in the family. There is presence of hyperpigmentation in the area below the eyes.
- Atopy – comprises allergic rhinitis, asthma and eczema. Sufferers of atopy tend to rub their noses (allergic salute) and eyes due to itch. With time, repeated rubbing of the eyes leads to hyperpigmentation, hence the appearance of dark-eye circles
- Aging – There are fat pads throughout the face that gives definition and contour. However, with aging, there is loss / atrophy of the fat pads. When this occurs around the eyes, the area below the eyes become sunken therefore increasing the amount of shadow being cast, leading to the impression of having dark-eye circles.
- Aging also causes concurrent thinning of the skin below the eyes, revealing the underlying vasculature, hence the bluish-black hue. These changes below the eyes culminate in a condition popularly known as “tear trough” among the medical aesthetic fraternity.
- Eyebags – The appearance of eyebags may coincide or aggravate dark-eye circles. As mentioned before, with aging, there is thinning and loosening of the skin around the eyes. Eyebags occur when the skin below the eyes are not strong enough to hold the under-eye fat glands within the orbit anymore, causing a bulge. The bulge aggravates the appearance of the “trough” under the eyes.
- Midface deficiency – The skull of most East Asians look flat on profile, meaning a flat forehead, mid face and chin. This translates to a flat or sunken mid cheek as opposed to rosy cheeks of our Caucasian counterparts. As mentioned above, flat or sunken cheeks causes more shadow to be cast below the eyes, presenting as dark-eye circles.
- Lifestyle - Though not scientifically proven, lifestyle does play a big part in the formation of dark-eye circles. Some of the proposed causes include sleeping late, smoking, drinking too much caffeine, fatigue and dehydration.
If the dark eye circles persist or are stubborn, there are treatments available to further improve them. Dark eye circles can be improved with proper skincare, laser treatments, whitening injections and fillers.
GEM Clinic Eye serum that contains whitening agents such as arbutin, kojic acid, vitamin C, azelaic acid, tretinoin, and licorice extract.
GEM SkinLuxe Laser Toning, done regularly 2 weekly with low laser energy
GEM Hydraglowä injection, that contains proprietary hydrating and whitening ingredients.
Correction of tear trough and /or mid cheek deficiency using Juvéderm Hyaluronic Acid Filler, via our proprietary 6Senz Facial Sculpturingä
FDA approved whitening injections right into the dark eye circle area
Many a time, a change in lifestyle also helps to improve the appearance of dark eye circles. One must indeed preserve his/her beauty sleep as well as hydrate oneself by drinking enough
Many a time, a change in lifestyle also helps to improve the appearance of dark eye circles. One must indeed preserve his/her beauty sleep as well as hydrate oneself by drinking enough water regularly. If an individual suffers from atopy, he/she can reduce the dark-eye circle appearance by keeping his/her condition at bay.
There is no short cut to treating dark-eye circle. It requires much commitment from the individual to improve the condition and patience to maintain it. Regular treatments with your doctor will help lighten the area over time.